At NYU, she studied music and improved her songwriting skills by writing essays on art, religion, social issues, and politics, including a thesis on pop artists Spencer Tunick and Damien Hirst.
They recorded and produced electropop tracks, sending them to music industry executives.
Joshua Sarubin, the head of Artists and repertoire (A&R) at Def Jam Recordings, responded positively and, after approval from Sarubin's boss Antonio "L.
A." Reid, Gaga was signed to Def Jam in September 2006.
For her acting work in the television series American Horror Story: Hotel (2015–2016), Gaga won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in 2016.