Traditionally, males are more often regarded in the marital violence literature as the aggressors (e.g., [10, 19]).
Stets and Straus , however, found lower levels of violence in dating partners but Rouse et al.
 found a similar pattern of results in terms of violence levels in married and dating partners.
This evidence underscores the need to study the progression from dating violence to marital violence, through developing longitudinal studies that seek to compare evolutionary patterns of violence.
Some authors  have drawn attention to the undeniable relevance of examining theoretical and practical similarities and differences between these types of violence.
Clinical studies also show that abusive marriages are generally preceded by violent dating relationships and are characterized by strategies to control and restrict women’s autonomy .