The J-value is an objective method for determining when life extending measures are sensible, applicable to both manufacturing and service industries, including public health and healthcare.
A model of human decision making based on the J-value is able to explain the shape of the Preston curve that relates life expectancy at birth and gross domestic product (GDP) per head for all the nations in the world.
A while back, there was an experimental observation which seemed to suggest that neutrinos travel faster than light.
Soon there were many papers on the arxiv trying to explain the anomaly.
On the other hand, I think there are some scientific ideas which are verifiable but not falsifiable.