It includes behaviour such as hitting a partner with a hard object or assault with weapons.
While the distinction between severe and moderate violence is common in the research literature, it is important to remember that the injuries resulting from physical violence depend on many factors, including the vulnerability of the victim (e.g., disability or a prior history of abuse), the victim’s resilience, and the social support that he or she receives, including personal and wider social supports.
Violent Resistance occurs when violence is used against partners who are themselves violent and controlling.
It is most commonly used against a partner who is using intimate terrorism.
Mutual Violent Control identifies violent exchanges in which both partners are violent and controlling.